The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) mandates a minimum wage for all employees on the federal level. Each state may have its own minimum wage but it may not be lower than the FLSA rate. In Wisconsin, there are several categories for minimum wage which reflects the FLSA regulations and may provide the basis for any claim of minimum wage violation.
The current minimum wages in Wisconsin, effective as of July 24, 2009, are the following:
- General Employees
- Non-opportunity – $7.25 an hour
- Opportunity – (less than 20 years old, employed for 90 days or less) – $5.90 an hour
- Tipped Employees
- Non-opportunity – $2.33 an hour
- Opportunity (less than 20 years old, employed for 90 days or less) – $2.31 an hour
- Agricultural Employees
- Adults – $7.25 an hour
- Minors – $7.25 an hour
- 9 holes – $5.90
- 18 holes – $10.50
- Camp counselors (adults and minors)
- With board and lodging – $210 a week
- With board only – $265 a week
- No board or lodging – $350 a week
For employees for whom board and lodging is provided for the employees, the following are the maximum that may be deducted from an employee’s salary:
- Non-agricultural Employees
- Non-opportunity – $58.00 per week or $8.30 per day
- Opportunity – $47.20 per week or $6.75 per day
- Non-opportunity – $87.00 per week or $4.15 per meal
- Opportunity – $70.80 per week or $3.35 per meal
- Agricultural Employees
- Board – $58.00 per week or $8.30 per day
- Meals – $87.00 per week or $4.15 per meal
When employers fail to follow these guidelines for the minimum wage law as well as the maximum deductions for room and board, this may be a minimum wage violation. Provided the plaintiff is not exempt from the minimum wage law, a claim may be filed to recover lost wages and perhaps to get some compensation for any losses that resulted from a lack of proper compensation. For more information in Spanish about minimum wage laws in Wisconsin, your legal options can be further explained by an experienced lawyer.
Small children are especially vulnerable to injury in and around swimming pools because they are curious, energetic and at the same time weak. Statistics indicate that drowning is the second leading cause of accidental death in children below 14 years of age. For children between 1 and 4 years old in that group, the leading cause is a residential swimming pool accident.
Drains are a necessary part of swimming pools. It circulates and filters the water that provides so much enjoyment to children of all ages. However, there is a dark side to those little holes at the bottom of any home or public swimming pool that can spell danger to children.
What most people may not know is that while relatively rare, the suction of a swimming pool drain can cause injuries, even death through circulation entrapment. This means that aside from drowning, drains can capture and hold body parts to the extent of disembowelment, such the case of 6-year-old Abigail Rose Taylor, who later died of her injuries. And because children are usually too weak to pull themselves free, most fatalities due to drowning because of circulation entrapment are children. There is the case of Virginia Graeme Baker, the 7-year old that drowned when she was trapped by the force of a drain’s suction to the bottom of the tub, prompting the passing of the Virginia Graeme Baker Pool & Spa Safety Act.
It is therefore important to keep an eye on small children at all times when they are in swimming pools, whirlpool tubs, hot tubs, spa or anything that has a drain. It doesn’t take a lot of water, or time, for a child to get sucked in and stuck. Even when no serious injury or death occurs, it can traumatize a child considerably. Only vigilance can keep a child from a swimming pool accident.
The health risks associated with asbestos have been known since the 1930s, and many countries have completely banned its use. In the US, however, the mineral is still being used in consumer and industrial products today because it is cheap, resistant to fire, electrical and chemical damage, and absorb sound. So it is not only old buildings and houses that you need to be on the look-out for, but things you may have bought or installed recently. If you work in certain industries, your exposure is likely both constant and extensive.
The reason why asbestos exposure is still a very real danger is because while new uses for asbestos have been outlawed, products that have traditionally used it are still considered legal. In the spirit of minimizing exposure, you should know what products in the US are likely to contain asbestos. These include (but not limited to):
Brakes and Clutch Linings – while American car makers don’t use asbestos in their vehicles, replacement parts supplied by third parties may still be doing so. These are usually cheaper than their branded counterparts, so most car owners opt to get those. While asbestos exposure is not a danger to you as the car owner directly, those that work on your car may be getting a free trip to mesothelioma (a type of cancer) or lung disease country.
Construction Materials – If you have recently had your roof re-shingled or your floor tiles replaced, you may have just brought in asbestos to your home. Other likely candidates are cement boards, cement pipes, joint cements and caulking compounds. Unless something happens to reduce these to dust, you’re not in any real danger of exposure, but when it starts to crumble with age, or you have it broken up for any reason, then that’s another story.
Fire Protection Gear and Clothing – Firefighters are required to wear respirator masks when fighting fire or doing training because exposure to heat exposes the asbestos layer. If you aren’t a firefighter, avoid having such things in your possession.
If you are in the automobile, construction or firefighting business, you should be aware of the danger, and your employers should follow federal regulations for minimizing asbestos exposure for their employees. If you have not been made aware of these dangers, or there are no safety procedures in the workplace concerning asbestos exposure, you may already be sick and not know it. Consult with an asbestos lawyer and your physician about your concerns, and get their advice. Hopefully you won’t need either of them. But if it turns out that you do, it is best to be prepared.
One of the first things people notice about a person is their smile. Since first impressions last, most people care a lot about having a perfect smile, and although not everyone is born with the perfect smile, with good cosmetic dentists, everyone can have one.
Many people tend to think of dentists as solely treating tooth decay and performing routine maintenance. In reality, dentists also perform cosmetic procedures to help fix any dental problems and also to enhance the appearance of the teeth.
Dental veneers are one of the most common procedures in dental cosmetics. As time goes by, teeth can end up chipped, stained, cracked, or just worn down. When this happens, veneers can be placed on top of the teeth to help protect them from discoloration as well as restore it to its former shape. Veneers can also be used on decayed or damaged teeth, as they can help prevent further damage by coating the teeth.
Cosmetic dentists use many options for veneers, though porcelain and resin types are among the most common. The most popular and highly recommended of these are porcelain veneers, mainly because they are better in adopting the natural look of the teeth and they are much more efficient in preventing stains.
Traditional veneers are long lasting; with the right maintenance, they can last from 5 to 10 years. Once they are put in place, they cannot be taken out. Also, since veneers are an accepted method in dental cosmetics, they are safe for the gums and offer more care for your teeth.
If you are considering getting veneers on your teeth, it would be best to ask professional advice from cosmetic dentists who can provide you with a better understanding of how it works and you can get the best benefits for your dental health. Not only will you be getting the perfect smile, you will also be saving and protecting your dental health for a long time.
Brain injuries are among the most severely damaging classes of injury an individual can endure. There are many possible consequences of brain injuries, including seizures. Seizures from brain damage caused by physical trauma occur in up to 7% of severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) victims. This is why TBI patients are often given anti-seizure medication to prevent seizures, which may possibly exacerbate damage to the brain.
Seizures can be either post-traumatic seizures (PTS) or post-traumatic epilepsy (PTE). These types of seizures are associated with the more serious TBI which can have a permanent effect on the brain’s physiology over time. However, PTS is primarily a temporary event and usually occurs shortly after the trauma, and not all moderate to severe TBI will present as PTS. PTE occurs even less frequently and may present much later, although it is more permanent than PTS.
Risk factors for PTE
PTS is thought to be a direct and immediate reaction of the brain to trauma, sometimes occurring within two seconds of the injury, and is differentiated from PTE which occur later and usually indicate permanent brain damage. However, PTS is thought to increase the risk of developing PTE. Children and older adults are thought to be more likely to develop PTE.
Over time, the risk for PTS decreases although there have been cases in which both PTS and PTE developed years after the actual event. Some experts place the window of risk up to 15 years. Ironically, it is possible that seizures from brain damage may actually make the TBI worse if it is long-lasting or if two seizures occur one after the other.
Other problems associated with TBI
Aside from seizures from brain damage, other medical conditions may develop including migraines, memory loss, mood swings, dizziness and inability to concentrate. Depending on the severity of the TBI, these problems may persist for months, even years. In some cases, the damage is permanent, often preventing the return to a normal life and work.
If you are at high risk or already suffering from PTS or PTE, you can expect to have significant medical expenses as well as considerable loss of income. If your TBI was caused by someone’s negligent actions or behavior, you may be eligible to receive just compensation for economic as well as noneconomic damages. Consult with a seizures lawyer to help you.