Understanding Seizures from Brain Damage
Brain injuries are among the most severely damaging classes of injury an individual can endure. There are many possible consequences of brain injuries, including seizures. Seizures from brain damage caused by physical trauma occur in up to 7% of severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) victims. This is why TBI patients are often given anti-seizure medication to prevent seizures, which may possibly exacerbate damage to the brain.
Seizures can be either post-traumatic seizures (PTS) or post-traumatic epilepsy (PTE). These types of seizures are associated with the more serious TBI which can have a permanent effect on the brain’s physiology over time. However, PTS is primarily a temporary event and usually occurs shortly after the trauma, and not all moderate to severe TBI will present as PTS. PTE occurs even less frequently and may present much later, although it is more permanent than PTS.
Risk factors for PTE
PTS is thought to be a direct and immediate reaction of the brain to trauma, sometimes occurring within two seconds of the injury, and is differentiated from PTE which occur later and usually indicate permanent brain damage. However, PTS is thought to increase the risk of developing PTE. Children and older adults are thought to be more likely to develop PTE.
Over time, the risk for PTS decreases although there have been cases in which both PTS and PTE developed years after the actual event. Some experts place the window of risk up to 15 years. Ironically, it is possible that seizures from brain damage may actually make the TBI worse if it is long-lasting or if two seizures occur one after the other.
Other problems associated with TBI
Aside from seizures from brain damage, other medical conditions may develop including migraines, memory loss, mood swings, dizziness and inability to concentrate. Depending on the severity of the TBI, these problems may persist for months, even years. In some cases, the damage is permanent, often preventing the return to a normal life and work.
If you are at high risk or already suffering from PTS or PTE, you can expect to have significant medical expenses as well as considerable loss of income. If your TBI was caused by someone’s negligent actions or behavior, you may be eligible to receive just compensation for economic as well as noneconomic damages. Consult with a seizures lawyer to help you.